Sliding contact conditions using the master-slave approach with application on geometrically non-linear beams

Author (s): Muñoz, J and Jelenic, G
Journal: International Journal of Solids and Structures

Volume: 41, Issues 24–25
Pages: 6963 – 6992
Date: 2004

Frictionless sliding conditions between two bodies are usually defined using either the method of Lagrangian multipliers or by prescribing an artificial (penalty) stiffness which resists the penetration at the contact point. Both of these methods impose the condition that the contact force should be normal to the contact surface, with the Lagrangian multiplier or the penalty parameter serving as a measure of this force. In this work, an alternative approach is undertaken: the frictionless sliding condition is defined through a relationship between nodal parameters of the virtual displacements of a discretised principle of virtual work. This method, which does not involve additional force parameters or degrees of freedom, is known as the master–slave or the minimum-set method and is particularly convenient for displacement-based finite-element implementation. The method is analysed in detail in context of bilateral sliding constraints characteristic of prismatic and cylindrical joints in flexible beam assemblies undergoing large overall motion. Two numerical examples are presented and assessed against the results in the literature.