A numerical study on hydraulic fracturing problems via the proper generalized decomposition method

Author (s): Wang, D.; Zlotnik, S.; Díez, P; Ge, H.; Zhou, F.; Yu, B.
Journal: CMES: computer modeling in engineering and sciences

Volume: 122
Pages: 703 – 720
Date: 2020

The hydraulic fracturing is a nonlinear, fluid-solid coupling and transient problem, in most cases it is always time-consuming to simulate this process numerically. In recent years, although many numerical methods were proposed to settle this problem, most of them still require a large amount of computer resources. Thus it is a high demand to develop more effificient numerical approaches to achieve the real-time monitoring of the fracture geometry during the hydraulic fracturing treatment. In this study, a reduced order modeling technique namely Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD), is applied to accelerate the simulations of the transient, non-linear coupled system of hydraulic fracturing problem, to match this extremely tight response time constraint. The separability of the solution in space and time dimensions is studied for a simplifified model problem. The solid and flfluid equations are coupled explicitly by inverting the solid discrete problem, and a simple iterative procedure to handle the non-linear characteristic of the hydraulic fracturing problem is proposed in this work. Numeral validation illustrates that the results of PGD match well with these of standard fifinite element method in terms of fracture opening and fluid pressure in the hydro-fracture. Moreover, after the off-line calculations, the numerical results can be obtained in real time.